31 Jan Rice Facts
HISTORY OF RICE:
Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice). As a cereal grain, it is the most widely consumed staple food for a large part of the world’s human population, especially in Asia. 90% of rice produced in Asia out of total qty 474.56 MTON (2014-15) milled rice. It is the agricultural commodity with the third-highest worldwide production, after and sugar and maize. Since a large portion of maize crops are grown for purposes other than human consumption, rice is the 2nd highest in grain food use andmost important cereal for human nutrition and caloric intake, providing more than one-fifth of the calories consumed worldwide by humans. Rice is grown on some 144 Million farms, mostly smaller than 1 hectare. Pottery shards bearing the imprint of both grains & husks of cultivated rice species oryza sativa were discovered at Non Nok Tha in the Korat area of Thailand .Plant remains from 10000 BC were discovered in spirit cave on the Thailand-Myanmar border. In china middle Yangtze and upper Huai rivers as two earliest places of O.Sativa cultivation in the country. Rice and farming implements dating back at least 8000 years have been found cultivation speed down over the following 2000 years.
Early spend of Rice.
From early, perhaps separate, beginnings in different parts of Asia, the process of diffusion has carried in all directions today is cultivated on every continent except Antarctica.
Rice in the New World.
As a result of Europe’s great age of exploration, New land to the West became available for exploitation Rice cultivation was introduced to the New World by early European Settler. The Portuguese carried it to Brazil and the Spanish introduced its cultivation to several locations in central and South America. The first record for North America dates from 1685.
Present Rice production.
Rice is formed on 160 million hectares .on average each hectare of rice formed yields about 4.4 tons of paddy. In recent years Global paddy production has been about 700(million tons) equilent to about 470 million tons of rice. Rice is produced in a wide range of locations and under a variety of climate conditions from the wettest areas in the world to the driest deserts. It is produced along Myanmar’s Arakon Cost, where the growing season needs an average of more than 5100 mm of rainfall and at Al Hasa Oasis in Saudi Arabia where annual rainfall is less than 100 mm.